The hyperthyroidism can mimic other health problems, which can make it difficult for your doctor's diagnosis. They can also cause a wide variety of signs and symptoms, making it harder to identify. That is why in this article we show you 5 common symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
What is hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism is defined as the excessive increase in hormones produced by the thyroid. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck. Even though it weighs less than an ounce, the thyroid gland has a huge impact on your health. All aspects of your metabolism are regulated by thyroid hormones.
The thyroid gland produces two main hormones, Thyroxine (T-4) and Triiodothyronine (T-3) that influence every cell in your body. They maintain the rate at which your body uses fat and carbohydrates, help control body temperature, influence heart rate, and regulate protein production. The thyroid also produces a hormone called calcitonin, which helps you regulate the amount of calcium in your blood.
Why does the thyroid fail?
The hypothalamus signals the pituitary gland to produce a hormone called "thyroid stimulating hormone" (TSH). The pituitary gland releases TSH (the ratio depends on the amount of T-4 and T-3 in your blood). If you don't have enough T-4 and T-3 in your blood, TSH will rise; On the contrary, if you have too much, the TSH level will drop.
Lastly, the thyroid gland regulates the production of hormones based on the amount of TSH it receives. Two scenarios can happen, namely: If the thyroid gland is diseased and, in the release, it presents an excess of thyroid hormone, the level of TSH in the blood will remain lower than normal; But if the diseased thyroid gland cannot produce enough thyroid hormone, the level of TSH in the blood will remain high.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism
Sudden weight loss and poor appetite are usually one of the most common symptoms. But let's see below 5 indicative symptoms that you could be suffering from hyperthyroidism.
1. Graves' ophthalmopathy
Sometimes a rare problem called Graves' ophthalmopathy can affect your eyes, especially if you smoke. In this disorder, your eyes bulge beyond their normal protective sockets when the tissues and muscles behind your eyes swell. This pushes the eyeballs outward to the point where they effectively protrude from their sockets. This can keep the front surface of the eyeballs dry. Eye problems often get better without treatment.
The signs and symptoms of Graves' ophthalmopathy include:
· Outstanding eyeballs.
· Red or puffy eyes.
· Excessive tearing or discomfort in one or both eyes.
· Sensitivity to light
Graves' disease is directly related to the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. If another member of your family has thyroid problems, talk to your doctor about what this may mean for your health and if they have any recommendations for monitoring your thyroid function. If this is your case, consult a specialist soon, it is likely that you suffer from hyperthyroidism002E
2. Inflamed thyroid
Having an inflamed thyroid occurs when one or more thyroid adenomas make too much T-4. An adenoma is a part of the gland that has regrown from the rest of the gland, forming non-cancerous (benign) nodules that can cause an enlarged thyroid. Not all adenomas produce excess T-4, and doctors are unsure of the causes that influence excessive production of this hormone. These symptoms are felt in the lower neck or throat.
3. Muscle pain and fatigue
Normally, the thyroid releases the correct amount of hormones, but sometimes too much T-4 is produced. This can occur for a number of reasons, including thyroiditis. Sometimes the thyroid gland can become inflamed for unknown reasons. Inflammation can cause excess thyroid hormone stored in the gland and leaking into the bloodstream. A rare type of thyroiditis, known as subacute granulomatous thyroiditis, causes pain in the thyroid gland. Other types are painless and can sometimes occur after pregnancy (postpartum thyroiditis). This lack of control of T-4 creates in the body a constant fatigue and general malaise similar to a cold.
4. Increased sensitivity to heat
The rate at which T-4 and T-3 are released is controlled by the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus, an area at the base of the brain that acts as a thermal regulator for the entire system. Due to the uncontrolled release of T-4 and T-3, the body cannot precisely control whether it requires increased sweating. This creates ups and downs that can lead to heat shocks.
5. Fine and brittle hair
Due to the lack of hormonal control, the human body is affected by the production and proper functioning of external defense mechanisms such as: brittle hair and weak nails.
Older adults are more likely to have hyperthyroidism, and have no signs or symptoms, but some age-related discomforts such as increased heart rate, tendency to tire more quickly during common activities, and lack of heat tolerance are perceived.
Once the consequences of suffering from this disease have been analyzed, as soon as you perceive some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism already mentioned, go immediately to a doctor. A timely treatment will certainly make a difference.
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