I just published an article in Pursuit Magazine called Takeaways from 10 Years of Sales Data From My Private Investigation Business, where I discuss some factors that drove my business over the last 10 years and some of the lessons and mistakes I have learned over the years.
For a bit of perspective, I have one employee (although I have a steady group of subcontractors), and for those of you who don't know me, I don't practice any "traditional" private investigation work such as surveillance, disability / worker's compensation claims or cheating spouses.
Forty years ago, the U.S. Supreme Court in Illinois Brick limited private antitrust standing to direct purchasers, but heightened pleading standards from Twombly complicate the direct-purchaser rule. When direct purchasers invest into detecting anticompetitive behavior in order to pursue a lawsuit, they risk retaliation from their suppliers, but at the same time, significant investment into detection is necessary to overcome a motion to dismiss post-Twombly. This commentary on Illinois Brick after Twombly employs a comprehensive economic model to illustrate the incentives and costs for direct purchasers to choose to sue.
a) Knowledge and understanding: the course has three parts. The first introduces the international law system, situating it in relationship to the broader institutional structures of public international law and regulation, private ordering and multinational enterprise, non-governmental organization and transnational judicial cooperation. The second is dedicated to the explanation of the religious, cultural, political and legal framework of the MENA region. This kind of analysis is premised by a brief introduction of the meaning and the approach to the cultural differences in an international context of activities and studies. This part of the course implies a deep investigation about the Islamic Legal System, which represents the particular feature of the Region. The third explores the application of the HR theories within some particular fields of interest and issues of the selected area, notably, the property law and taxes, the competition between HR and business activities, the role of the state as an economic actor, the labor law, the contract law and arbitration, the activity and structures of corporations.b) Applying knowledge and Understanding and c) Making judgments: during the lessons, students acquire basic knowledge of the International law system and the method of study the sources of the law and the different norms to apply in every legal/professional reasoning. Every block of lessons provides a final student class activity, in order to apply the set of skills and competence acquired assisting the lessons. The activities are not mandatory but can be evaluated as positive criteria for the final graduation. d) Communicating skills: all the scheduled class activities require students to communicate with the Professor and with other members of the class. Furthermore, students may make practice of presenting technical arguments in public and in confrontation with others.e) Learning skills: students may acquire an independent, culturally skilled and framed capacity to make legal reasonings within the framework of the international law and human rights system.
- Emmanuelle Tourme Jouannet, Christopher Sutcliffe, A Short Introduction to International Law (Paperback), CUP, Cambridge, 2014- Hossein Askari, Zamir Iqbal, Abbas Mirakhor: Introduction to Islamic Economics: Theory and Application, Wiley, Singapore, 2015, chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, and 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14Other bibliography will be suggested during the lessons. 2b1af7f3a8